Merged Station-Satellite Rainfall for


a) Dekadal (i.e., ~10-daily) rainfall for the selected basin over the last 3 years.

b) Dekadal rainfall differences (from 1981-2010 mean) for the selected basin over the last 3 years.

c) Smoothed dekadal rainfall for the current year (thick black line) compared to previous years(blue-1 yr from present; magenta- 2 yrs from present; grey-3 yrs from present).

d) Cumulative dekadal rainfall (solid blue line) and the cumulative long-term average rainfall (solid black line) from user-chosen calendar day in the selected basin. The grey plume indicates the range of the 5 th and 95 th cumulative rainfall percentiles.




This Analysis tool allows users to view different presentations of the the most recent dekad. The default map on This page displays dekadal (approximately 10-day) rainfall amounts over river basins. The default map shows rainfall totals for the most recently available dekad, but totals for previous dekads can be displayed as well. By clicking a location on the map, the user can generate four time series graphs that provide analyses of recent rainfall averaged over a river basin, with respect to that of recent years and the long-term mean.

Rainfall Anomaly

The rainfall Anomaly map displays the difference between the most recent dekadal rainfall and the long-term average (from 1981 to 2010). Positive (negative) values indicate dekadal rainfall that are above (below) the long-term mean or climatology.

Standard Precipitation Index (SPI)

The SPI map displays the standard rainfall index of the most recent dekadal rainfall (using 1981-2010 as base period). The SPI (McKee 1993) is the number of standard deviations that observed cumulative rainfall deviates from the climatological average. To compute the index, a long-term time series of rainfall accumulations over dekads are used to estimate an appropriate probability density function. The analyses shown here are based on the Pearson Type III distribution (i.e., 3-parameter gamma) as suggested by Guttman (1999). The associated cumulative probability distribution is then estimated and subsequently transformed to a normal distribution. The result is the SPI, which can be interpreted as a probability using the standard normal distrubtion (i.e., users can expect the SPI be within one standard deviation about 68% of the time, two standard deviations about 95% of the time, etc.) The analyses shown here utilize the FORTRAN code made available by Guttman (1999). Places where the dekadal climatology is less than 2 mm are masked out.

SPI Values Category
= 2.00 Extremely Wet
1.50 to 1.99 Severely Wet
1.00 to 1.49 Moderately Wet
-0.99 to 0.99 Near Normal
-1.00 to -1.49
  Moderately Dry  
  -1.50 to -1.99  
Severely Dry
= -2.00 Extremely Dry
Table adapted from McKee et al. (1993)

Dataset Documentation

Reconstructed rainfall over land areas on a 0.0375 x 0.0375 deg. lat/lon grid from Direction Générale de la Météorologie. The rainfall times series were created by combining quality-controlled observations from stations with satellite rainfall estimates.

How to use this interactive map

Helpdesk and Feedback

Contact DGM with any technical questions or problems with this Maproom.